Skin Allergy

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Skin Allergy Treatments Include:


Skin allergies, also known as allergic contact dermatitis, occur when the skin reacts to a substance that it finds irritating or allergenic. These reactions can manifest as redness, itching, swelling or blistering. Common triggers include metals, fragrances and preservatives. Understanding and identifying the specific allergens responsible is crucial for effective treatment and management of skin allergies. By avoiding these triggers and following appropriate medical advice, individuals can significantly reduce their symptoms and improve their quality of life.
what does skin allergy look like
skin allergy types with pictures
itchy skin allergy


Indicators of skin allergies can differ, yet typically involve:

  • Red and inflamed skin: The area of skin impacted may display signs of inflammation and redness.
  • Constant itching: There can be a non-stop compulsion to itch the affected area.
  • Skin swelling: Puffiness and swelling may occur on the skin.
  • Development of blisters: Blisters filled with fluid may form.
  • Appearance of rash: Visible rashes may emerge, often appearing as tiny bumps or welts.
  • Dryness and cracking of skin: The skin might turn dry, flaky and may even crack.
  • Burning or stinging feeling: Some people might feel a stinging or burning sensation on the impacted area of the skin.

These symptoms could manifest shortly after being exposed to the allergen or they may take a few days to show up. 

What are the causes of skin allergies?

Skin allergies are caused by the skin’s reaction to certain substances. Common causes include:

  • Metals: Nickel, found in jewelry, belts and zippers, is a common allergen.
  • Fragrances: Perfumes and scented products can trigger allergic reactions.
  • Preservatives: Chemicals used to preserve cosmetics, lotions and other personal care products.
  • Rubber: Latex and other rubber products, including gloves and balloons.
  • Plants: Certain plants, like poison ivy, poison oak and poison sumac, can cause allergic reactions.
  • Dyes: Dyes used in clothing, hair products and cosmetics.
  • Medications: Topical medications, such as antibiotic ointments, can cause skin allergies.
  • Cleaning Products: Detergents, soaps and household cleaners may contain allergens.
  • Cosmetics: Makeup, lotions and skincare products can contain ingredients that cause allergies.
  • Industrial Chemicals: Substances used in manufacturing or construction can be allergens.

Identifying and avoiding the specific allergen is crucial for managing and preventing skin allergy symptoms.

how long does a skin allergy last?

The duration of a skin allergy can vary depending on the severity of the reaction and whether the allergen is still present. Generally, mild skin allergies can last for a few days to a week. If the allergen is identified and avoided, symptoms typically start to improve within a few days. However, more severe reactions may take longer to heal, potentially lasting several weeks.

It’s important to follow medical advice and treatment plans to help manage symptoms and speed up recovery.


Patch testing is an effective solution for diagnosing skin allergies because it helps identify specific substances that trigger allergic reactions. By applying small amounts of potential allergens to the skin and monitoring the reaction over a few days, healthcare professionals can pinpoint the exact cause of dermatitis or other allergic responses. This targeted approach allows for personalised treatment plans, enabling patients to avoid identified allergens and manage their symptoms more effectively. Additionally, patch testing is non-invasive and highly accurate, making it a reliable method for improving the quality of life for individuals with persistent skin allergies.



Treating skin allergies involves several effective steps to alleviate symptoms and prevent future reactions. The first step is to identify and avoid allergens through tests like patch testing. Topical corticosteroids can be used to reduce inflammation, itching and redness, while antihistamines, whether oral or topical, help relieve itching and allergic reactions. Regular application of hypoallergenic moisturisers helps maintain the skin barrier and prevent dryness and irritation. Cold compresses can soothe itching and reduce swelling and it is important to avoid scratching to prevent worsening the condition and potential infections. Medicated baths, such as oatmeal baths, can provide relief and soothe irritated skin. In severe cases, doctors may prescribe stronger medications like oral corticosteroids or immunosuppressants. Maintaining a proper skin care routine with gentle, fragrance-free soaps and skincare products can help prevent flare-ups. For persistent or severe cases, consulting a dermatologist is crucial for appropriate diagnosis and treatment.
Sudden onset of skin allergies can be caused by various factors. One common reason is increased exposure to new allergens in your environment, such as changes in personal care products, detergents or cosmetics. Additionally, prolonged or repeated exposure to certain substances can sensitise your skin over time, leading to an allergic reaction. Changes in your living environment, such as moving to a new area or starting a new job, can also introduce new allergens. Stress and hormonal changes can weaken your immune system, making your skin more susceptible to allergies. Finally, certain medications or underlying health conditions can trigger or exacerbate skin allergies. Identifying and avoiding potential allergens, along with seeking advice from a healthcare professional, can help manage and reduce these reactions.


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skin allergy patch testing



Choosing Stratum Dermatology Clinics for treating your skin allergies ensures you receive expert care from leading specialists in the field. Our clinics are equipped with state-of-the-art facilities and offer comprehensive diagnostic services, including highly accurate patch testing. We are regulated by the Care Quality Commission and are part of the British Association of Dermatologists, reflecting our commitment to high standards of care. Patients highly rate us on Doctify, and both our clinics and consultants are recognised by major healthcare insurance providers. At Stratum Dermatology Clinics, you can be confident in receiving personalised, effective treatment plans tailored to your specific needs, ensuring the best possible outcomes for your skin health.


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